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专四专八:英语专业八级考前拉力赛(十一)

作者: 满分作文大全 发布时间: 2019年08月24日 20:25:53

First read the following question.

34The author tries to point out that____.

A.the children who have the smoking habit shouldn t try to quit smoking.

B.the earlier children start smoking,the more severe the damage to health remains.

C.use of tobacco early will not permanently impair normal processes of cell renewal.

D.children who smoke can not be immortal as long as the stop in time.

Now read the text quickly and answer question 34.

Kids who smoke like to think that they are immortal or at least that if they stop in time,their lungs will heal.But a report in last week s Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests early smoking may trigger changes in DAN that put young smokers at higher risk for cancer even if they later quit.Researchers studying lung cancer patients found that those with the worst genetic damage were not those who smoked longest but those who started youngest.What s more,the earlier they started,the more severe the damage.

The findings are particularly alarming because they arrived the same week as the results of a survey showing that American children seem to be taking up cigarettes at even younger ages.The National Parents Resource Institute for Drug Education,based in Altanta,reported that 4% of fourth-graders,7% of fifth-graders and nearly 15% of sixth-graders had already smoked. Add to this the more than 3 million teenagers with the habit,and you have a major health problem.

Doctors used to blame the higher incidence of lung cancer among those who started smoking in their youth on their prolonged exposure to tobacco.But the new study,involving 143 subjects in the Boston area some of whom lit up as early as age seven suggests a more insidious cause.Explains epidemiologist John Wiencke of the University of California at San Francisco: Use of tobacco so early aparently permanently impairs normal processes of cell renewal.Otherwise,their DNA damage would long since have been repaired.

That s not to say kids who have the smoking habit shouldn t try to quit as soon as they can.After all,there are plenty of other tobacco-related diseases for example,heart disease,stroke and emphysema that only get worse the longer you smoke.

TEXT K

First read the following questions.

35How many times did Phyllis Thaxter get married?

A.once B.twice C.thrice D.never

36When did she first appear on television?

A.1947 B.1966 C.1945 D.1953

Now read the text quickly and answer questions 35 and 36.

THAXTER,Phyllis,actress;b Portland,Maine,20 Nov. 1920;d of Sidney S F Thaxter and his wife Marie Phyllis (Schuyler);e Deering High School,Portland,and Ste Genevieve School,Montreal,Canada;m (l) James T Aubrey (mar dis);(2) Gibert Lea;prepared for the stage at he Montreal Repertory Theatre.

First appeared on the stage at the Ogunquit Playhouse.Ogunquit,Maine,as Daphne,with Lauretter Taylor in the latter s play At the Theater;first appeared in New York at the Biltmore in 1938,when she took over the role of a schoolgirl in the long-runing What a Life;Alvin,Apr 1940,playedLempi in There Shall Be No Night,a role she played again when the play was revived in Sept 1940;Selwyn,Chicago,1941,the title-role in Claudia;went to Hollywood and appeared in many films;re-appeared on the stage at the Shubert,New Haven,Conn,Feb 1947,when she took over the role of Kate Bannion in Heartsone;Belasco,Sept 1948,Nancy in Sundown Beach;returned to the stage at the BiltAgnes Carol in Time Out for Ginger;Paper Mill Playhouse,Millburn,New Jersey,Feb 1966,Played in The Women;Royal Poinciana Playhouse,Palm Beach,Florida,Jan 1967,played in The Impossible Years;films in which she has appered since 1945 include Thirty Seconds over Tokyo,Weekend at the Waldorf,Sea of Grass.Bewitched,The World of Henry Orient,etc;first appeared on television,1953,and programs include Wagon Train,Alfred Hitchcock,The US Steel,Playhouse 90,General Electric Theatre,The Fugitive,etc.

Recreations:Interior decorating,riding,swimming,tennis.Address:Actors Equity Association,1500 Broadway,New York,NY,USA 10036.