1. Harvard University
Harvard University has topped the list, making it the best university in the world.
It was established in 1636 and was named for its first benefactor1, John Harvard. Harvard was a minister2 who, on his death in 1638, left his library and half his estate3 to the newly established institution4. It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.
Seven presidents of the United States were graduates of Harvard. Its faculty5 has produced 40 Nobel laureates6.
2. University of California, Berkeley
The university that was born on March 23, 1868－was the product of a merger7 between the College of California (a private institution) and the Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical8 Arts College.
Among other things, the university is credited with9 the isolation10 of the human polio virus11 and the discovery of all artificial12 elements heavier than uranium13. Eighteen members of the Berkeley faculty have been awarded Nobel Prizes.
3． Massachusetts14 Institute15 of Technology
As one of the most famous universities in the world, do you know its founder, William Barton Rogers, never received a degree? In 1853, Rogers moved to Boston, where he enlisted16 the support of the scientific community to create an institution for technical and scientific education. It was largely through his efforts that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology was born in 1861.
The institute now is organized into five Schools－Architecture and Planning, Engineering, Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, Management, and Science.
4． California Institute of Technology
Caltech was established thanks to philanthropist17 Amos Throop. In September 1891, he established Throop University, the forerunner18 to Caltech19. George Ellery Hale became a member of Throop's board of trustees20 in 1907, and envisioned21 to make it a first-class institution. Under his leadership Throop's transformation began. By 1921, Hale had been joined by chemist Arthur Noyes and physicist Robert Millikan. These three men set the school, which by then had been renamed the California Institute of Technology, firmly on its new course.
5． Oxford University
The University of Oxford is one of the oldest English-speaking universities. Teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167.
Except for St Hilda's—which continues to remain an all-women college－all of Oxford's 39 colleges now admit both men and women.
6． Cambridge University
Cambridge is the largest university in the United Kingdom (over 100 departments, faculties22 and schools). Its contribution to the world has ranged from the discovery of the mechanism23 of blood circulation24 to the structure of DNA, from the great philosophers25 of the early 15th century to the groundbreaking26 work of its many Nobel Prize winners.
7． Stanford University
Stanford University was dedicated27 by Leland Stanford and Jane Eliza to their son, Leland Junior. After six years of planning and building, the Stanford University opened on October 1, 1891.
Stanford followed the German model of providing graduate as well as undergraduate instruction and stressing on research along with teaching. Stanford's current community of scholars includes 17 Nobel laureates and four Pulitzer Prize28 winners.
8． Yale University
Yale University was founded in 1701 as the Collegiate29 School, in Killingworth, Connecticut30. In 1716 the school moved to New Haven and, with the generous gift by Elihu Yale, a British trader, was renamed Yale College in 1718.
The University has graduated numerous Nobel Prize laureates and U.S. Presidents, including Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Its $12.7 billion academic endowment31 is the second largest worldwide (behind Harvard University).